DEALING WITH ALL ASPECTS OF IMMIGRATION
There are dedicated agencies in the US state department who handle various aspects of immigration and related issues. The United States Immigration and Naturalization services (INS) is such an old agency established way back in 1891 for handling legal as well as illegal immigration practices.
But the legacy INS ceased to exist on March 1, 2003, after a restructuring which saw most of its functions transferred from the Department of Justice to three new entities:
- U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
- U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
- U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
All these agencies were put under the newly created Department of Homeland Security. The restructuring happened to annul all security lapses through faulty immigration after the terror attacks on September 11 of 2001.
In the restructuring, the INS investigative and enforcement functions were combined with related activities of U.S. Customs investigators, the Federal Protective Service, and Federal Air Marshal Service to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. The border functions were combined with U.S. Customs Inspectors to create the U. S. Customs and Border Protection.
The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services took over the agency and launched the Federal Air Marshal Service as well as the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency. The tasks of immigration services, permanent residence, naturalization and asylum became the responsibility USCIS.
In its heydays the INS was responsible for preventing unlawful immigrants from gaining benefits such as social security or unemployment benefits. The immigration and Naturalization Services keeps a tab on suspicious activities with immigrants. When alerted they will trace illegal immigrants and detain them before deporting back to the home country.
Since the immigration process is an overwhelming process it is advisable for an applicant to seek the guidance and consultancy of immigration firms for help in matters of immigration and naturalization processes.